Greenhouse analysis with the PlasmaDetek
The popularity to measure greenhouse gases (CH4, CO2 and N2O) has increased considerably in the last years with the global warming concerns. Chromatography is the well known technique to measure them and different detectors are used to achieve this task. This application note will explain how we can effectively do it with a simple gas chromatograph configuration involving the PlasmaDetek detector.
The PlasmaDetek has the advantage that it can be configured to be more sensitive on some compounds than the others. This selectivity configuration helps the chromatography to be more effective and easier to setup. For this application, the detector system is configured to be selective on all three impurities with two dedicated outputs signal:Output 1 : N2O Output 2 : CH4 and CO2
Typical configuration to make such measurement requires methanizer, FID and ECD detectors, H2 Fuel, make up gas and air supply. With the PlasmaDetek,only one detector can be used to measure CH4, CO2 and N2O in air. All three components elute in the same detector. That reduces cost and complexity of the system. Another advantage is the use of argon or helium as carrier gas. Both carriers are suitable and give the performance desired. Valve 1 is used for CH4 and CO2 measurement. The backflush to vent configuration vents out water from the sample with a HayeSep D 100/120 10’(column 1). Valve 3 is used to vent out air before going to the other HayeSep D 100/120 10’(column 3). This second column separates CH4 and CO2 from the remaining air. Valve 2 is also configured in a backflush to vent with a HayeSep D 100/120 10’(column 2). A different sampling loop size is used to be able to measure N2O. Valve 3 is used to vent out air and CO2. N2O is then brought to the detector by itself and can be measured in very low concentration.
RESULTS AND PERFORMANCE
Figure 4 shows the chromatogram obtained with the LDetek configuration described above, with a 8 ppm CH4, 50 ppm CO2 and 10 ppm N2O standard. This result was used to calculate the LOQ and LOD of each compounds shown in figure 5. All three components are measured without interference in air providing accurate and very sensitive detection. The LOD of N2O ensures that its measurement in air is detected easily. Those results and performances depend on the chromatographic system and conditions of operation.
This technique is simple and cost effective compared to the most common configurations that can be found on the market. No make-up gas, fuel, air, FID and ECD radioactive detector are required to make this measurement. Only one PlasmaDetek detector with two outputs using argon or helium as carrier gas can be used to achieve level of sensitivity needed. The ease of installation and startup of the PlasmaDetek makes it perfectly suitable for this environmental application.